Female sexual dysfunction refers to recurrent problems during any phase of the sexual response cycle (excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution) that causes distress or negatively affects your relationship with your partner. This condition affects 43% of women of all ages and is most common in those aged 45-64.

The following factors tend to be related:

Physical

Conditions that may cause problems with sexual function include diabetes, heart disease, cancer, neurological disorders (depression, anxiety, history of sexual abuse), arthritis, fatigue, headaches, urinary or bowel difficulties, alcoholism, and drug abuse. The side effects of certain medications, including antidepressant drugs, blood pressure medications, andchemotherapy drugs, can affect sex drive and functioning.

Hormonal

During menopause in particular, estrogen levels decrease, which can cause changes to occur in your genital tissues and your sexual responsiveness. Intercourse may become painful (dyspareunia), and/or it may take longer for you to achieve an orgasm.

Psychological

Untreated emotional and psychological issues need to be addressed for treatment to be effective. Factors that affect sexual functioning may include anxiety, depression, stress, sexual abuse in the past, self-perception during and after pregnancy, and conflict with you partner.

Female Body
female body anatomy
Factors from different body systems may play a part in female sexual dysfunction.
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